(Edited version of this article was published in my column at The Malaysian Reserve on Monday 9th January 2017)
Welcoming the New Year 2017, I would like to reflect on the progress of the financial technology (fintech) for Islamic finance. Despite the fact that fintech was not particularly familiar subject within Islamic finance communities until at least 2015, 2016 records quite remarkable achievements. Initial efforts by fintech entrepreneurs few years earlier became more concerted and prominent in 2016. The following are highlights which deserve recognition.
The Investment Account Platform (IAP), Malaysia’s first multi-bank platform for financial intermediation in the Islamic financial system, was launched on the 17th February 2016. Owned by a consortium of six Malaysian Islamic Banks, the IAP serves as a central marketplace to finance small and medium enterprises (SMEs) with an initial funds of RM 150 million. Datuk Muhammad Ibrahim, the Governor of Bank Negara Malaysia, in his keynote speech during Global Islamic Finance Forum 2016 referred to IAP as “the first Islamic banking intermediated internet-based platform that combines the expertise of Islamic banks and efficiency of technology to channel funds from investors to viable economic ventures”.
Eight Islamic Crowdfunding Platform operators from across the globe clicked together to form Islamic Fintech Alliance (IFT Alliance) and launched it on the 1st April 2016 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The founding members are BlossomFinance (USA/Indonesia), EasiUp (France), EthisCrowd (Singapore), Narwi (Qatar), FundingLab (Scotland/Palestine), KapitalBoost (Singapore), Launchgood (USA) and SkolaFund (Malaysia). According to the alliance’s chairman and the founder of EthisCrowd, Umar Munshi, “the alliance was set up to boost the growth of fintech among Muslims with hopes that they bring significant positive impact especially to those in developing countries”. The alliance has three primary objectives namely, (1) foster safety and trust by establishing, promoting, and enforcing shared standards for Islamic financial technology, (2) broaden the reach of Shariah and social impact financial technology by supporting a network of innovators, and (3) support development of a sustainable global ecosystem by interfacing with and providing industry insights to regulators and other key stakeholders.
Robo Advisors are fintech innovations that have been disrupting traditional investment advisory services. Robo advisors provide online, automated and algorithm-based wealth management services without the use of human financial planners. On the 26th September 2016, New York-based Wahed Invest Inc. launched Wahed, the world’s first automated Islamic investment platform with “the aim of providing access to halal portfolio management for 2 billion Muslims around the world”. In addition to being the world’s first automated ethical investment platform, Wahed offers lower minimum investment amount of USD 7,500. Wahed is claimed to be the first global Robo Advisor to be accessible by the world’s lower socio-economic demographic. According to the statement during the launching, Wahed was available in the United States and would be rolled out to over 100 countries worldwide by 2017.
On the 28th September 2016, Finocracy announced Future Finance 2030, the first Global Islamic Fintech Hub which would be the focal point of the fast growing Islamic fintech space. The fintech hub will be at CH9, a business accelerator that envisions to enhance the entrepreneurship ecosystem in Bahrain and GCC region. Future Finance 2030, expected to launch in the 1st quarter 2017, will include key elements that will continue to power rapid expansion of Islamic fintech while building connectivity with the wider Islamic finance industry. The plan includes an accelerator program, a virtual network to connect various businesses, educational programs for executives and students, and a global hackathon series that will encourage Islamic Fintech development across emerging markets.
Two months after the launching of world’s first Islamic Robo Advisor, Wahed, on the 27th October 2016, the Kuala Lumpur-based Faringdon Group announced that it would be launching the Asia’s first Shariah compliant Robo Advisor. The online tool called Algebra will provide automated portfolio management advice. Open to investors across all geographies with a minimum investment amount of USD 200 per month, clients can choose funds from Islamic Master Select Portfolio. The CEO Stuart Yeomans said that “Algebra brings together the sound investment principles of Shariah compliant funds with the next generation investment tools".
On the 3rd November 2016, Securities Commission Malaysia awarded six Peer to Peer (P2P) licenses, one of which is the world’s first license for Shariah compliant P2P. The license was awarded to Ethis Kapital which focuses on funding small businesses and real estate development projects. Together with seven other crowdfunding platforms, Ethis Kapital is part of Ethis Ventures that builds, runs, and initiates Ethical and Islamic Crowdfunding platforms. According to the Chairman, Dr. Shahridan Faiez, Ethis Kapital has twin focus which are
Although launched last year, some of these initiatives have been targeted to only start their operations in 2017. Further progress of these initiatives and new innovative entrants will position 2017 for more excitements. Malaysia and Bahrain are very likely to take the lead. Malaysia has issued Fintech regulatory sandbox framework on the 18th October 2016 and Central Bank of Bahrain is considering fintech regulations. With facilitative environments provided by these two leading Islamic financial hubs, I am optimistic that more amazing achievements will be recorded in 2017 for fintech in Islamic finance.